Searching with a thematic focus on Agriculture and food, Food security
Showing 791-800 of 880 results
- DocumentGRAIN, 1998Developing countries are currently facing intense pressure to institute intellectual property rights (IPRs) for plant varieties. Despite the fact that the brief history of IPRs over plants and biological resources has undermined local biodiversity in the North and precipitated corporate monopolies over the food system, Southern countries are being forced to travel the same path.DocumentCentre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1997To investigate risk-sharing within the household, we model nutritional status as a durable good and we look at the consequences of individual health shocks. For household allocation to be pareto-efficient, households should pool shocks to income. We also investigate whether households can smooth nutritional levels over time.Document
The consequences of past agricultural outputs on the interacting nutrition and health of autarkic peasants : evidence from RwandaCentre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1997In rural areas of LDC, because of the existence of market imperfections, health and nutrition status may depend on the levels of specific agricultural productions and not only on the income level. However, these specific impacts have never been studied.DocumentCentre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1995The concept of a poverty function is introduced, modelling the shortfall of household consumption from the poverty line as a function of reduced form determinants such as human capital and land holdings. The model is estimated using a tobit and data from Uganda.DocumentPolicy Research Working Papers, World Bank, 1998Most children in Côte d'Ivoire perform some kind of work. In rural areas, more than four of five children work, with only a third combining work with schooling. Child labor in Côte d'Ivoire increased in the 1980s because of a severe economic crisis. Two out of three urban children aged 7 to 17 work; half of them also attend school.DocumentPolicy Research Working Papers, World Bank, 1997To improve human capital and reduce the incidence of child labor in Ghana, the country's school systems should reduce families' schooling costs, adapt to the constraints on schooling in rural areas (where most children must work at least part-time), and provide better education (more relevant to the needs of the labor market).DocumentFood Security III Cooperative Agreement, Michigan State University, 1998Full text papers abvailable online include: WPS 6 - The Determinants of Household Income and Consumption in Rural Nampula Province: Implications for Food Security and Agricultural Policy Reform. MOA/MSU/UA Research Team (August 1992). WPS 16 - Evolution of the Rural Economy in Post-War Mozambique: Insights From a Rapid Appraisal of Monapo District of Nampula Province.DocumentFood Security III Cooperative Agreement, Michigan State University, 1998Series of full text papers on grain marketing and food security in Ethiopia. Papers include: Improving information and Performance in Grain Marketing. Tschirley D., Diskin P., Molla D. and Clay D. (September 1995).WP2 - Toward a Research Agenda to Promote Household Access to Food in Ethiopia. Jayne, T.S. and Molla D. (September 1995).DocumentLand Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1997Conflicting interests in land and resource use emerged in postwar Mozambique, giving rise to multiple layers of dispute. This article explores the disputes occurring between 1992 and 1995 in two districts which are notable for the severity of competition over land by virtue of their proximity to Maputo, namely, Matutuíne and Namaacha.DocumentCentre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1998This paper seeks to identify parameter changes which are robust in the sense that they benefit women relative to men in a wide range of household models. The models considered are unitary, Nash- bargaining and non-cooperative with and without cash transfers. Reductions in the relative price of ‘female' consumer goods prices are robust; increases in relative wages are highly non-robust.