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Searching with a thematic focus on Agriculture and food, Food security

Showing 801-810 of 882 results

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  • Document

    Staking Their Claims: Land Disputes in Southern Mozambique

    Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1997
    Conflicting interests in land and resource use emerged in postwar Mozambique, giving rise to multiple layers of dispute. This article explores the disputes occurring between 1992 and 1995 in two districts which are notable for the severity of competition over land by virtue of their proximity to Maputo, namely, Matutuíne and Namaacha.
  • Document

    Can Robust Pro-Female Policies be Identified When the True Model of the Household is Unknown?

    Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1998
    This paper seeks to identify parameter changes which are robust in the sense that they benefit women relative to men in a wide range of household models. The models considered are unitary, Nash- bargaining and non-cooperative with and without cash transfers. Reductions in the relative price of ‘female' consumer goods prices are robust; increases in relative wages are highly non-robust.
  • Document

    Changes in Poverty in Uganda, 1992-1996

    Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1998
    Analysis of four nationally representative household surveys from Uganda show a fall in poverty from 1992-1996. Using an absolute poverty line calculated following Ravallion and Bidani, we find 56% of Ugandans were poor in 1992 falling to 46% in 1996. The fall is due to growth, not redistribution, with cash crop farming, manufacturing and distribution sectors benefiting the most.
  • Document

    Food balance sheets and food consumption surveys: a comparison of methodologies and results

    Economic and Social Department, FAO, 1998
    The most common and widely used data sets in the field of food consumption statistics are obtained through food balance sheets. They provide estimates of quantities available for human consumption in a country during a specified period. Information on food consumption or availability is also available from surveys of household consumption or expenditure.
  • Document

    Food Aid Targeting in Ethiopia: A Study of Household Food Insecurity and Food Aid Distributions

    Food Security III Cooperative Agreement, Michigan State University, 1998
    Examines food aid targeting efficiencies and the determinants of food aid distributions in rural Ethiopia during the 1995-96 agricultural year. It is based on survey data from a nationwide, randomly selected sample of 4,166 farm households. The findings and conclusions presented here are intended to help inform ongoing debate in the area of food aid targeting.
  • Document

    Multiple Uses of Common Pool Resources in Semi-Arid West Africa: A Survey of Existing Practices and Options for Sustainable Resource Management

    Natural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998
    Common pool resources such as rangeland, forests, fallow fields and ponds provide an array of social and economic benefits for a wide variety of users in semi-arid west Africa. However, poor definition and enforcement of the institutional arrangements governing the use of these resources sometimes lead to social conflicts and resource degradation.
  • Document

    Ethical trade and export horticulture in sub-Saharan Africa: The development of tools for ethical trading of horticultural exports by resource poor groups

    Ethical Trade and Natural Resources Programme, NRI, 1998
    Short report covering: the role of export horticulture in sub-Saharan Africa and its variable impact on the resource-poor; moves towards ethical trade in export horticulture, focusing on limitations of current approaches; a research agenda for developing appropriate criteria for ethical trade in horticultural products [author]
  • Document

    Rural Poverty: Population Dynamics, Local Institutions and Access to Resources

    Sustainable Development Department, FAO SD Dimensions, 1998
    Analyses two examples of changing institution-resource access relationships in Africa and Latin America. The Africa case (Kakamega, Western Kenya) highlights the resource endowments and problems associated with the participation of individuals in multiple institutions, whereas the Latin America case (Oaxaca, Mexico) focuses on the changes in a single institution in response to population growth.
  • Document

    Industrial Reliance on Biodiversity

    UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1997
    Overview of the extent to which industry in the developed world relies on the biodiversity of the developing world. Primitive human societies rely almost entirely on wild species for food, draught, building materials and other products, and such direct use continues in modern society.
  • Document

    Urban Agriculture in Drylands: articles from Arid Lands Newsletter

    Office of Arid Land Studies University of Arizona, 1997
    Series of articles on importance of urban agriculture in areas subject to desertification.

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