Searching with a thematic focus on Agriculture and food, Food security
Showing 801-810 of 880 results
- DocumentCentre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford, 1998Analysis of four nationally representative household surveys from Uganda show a fall in poverty from 1992-1996. Using an absolute poverty line calculated following Ravallion and Bidani, we find 56% of Ugandans were poor in 1992 falling to 46% in 1996. The fall is due to growth, not redistribution, with cash crop farming, manufacturing and distribution sectors benefiting the most.DocumentEconomic and Social Department, FAO, 1998The most common and widely used data sets in the field of food consumption statistics are obtained through food balance sheets. They provide estimates of quantities available for human consumption in a country during a specified period. Information on food consumption or availability is also available from surveys of household consumption or expenditure.DocumentFood Security III Cooperative Agreement, Michigan State University, 1998Examines food aid targeting efficiencies and the determinants of food aid distributions in rural Ethiopia during the 1995-96 agricultural year. It is based on survey data from a nationwide, randomly selected sample of 4,166 farm households. The findings and conclusions presented here are intended to help inform ongoing debate in the area of food aid targeting.Document
Multiple Uses of Common Pool Resources in Semi-Arid West Africa: A Survey of Existing Practices and Options for Sustainable Resource ManagementNatural Resource Perspectives, ODI, 1998Common pool resources such as rangeland, forests, fallow fields and ponds provide an array of social and economic benefits for a wide variety of users in semi-arid west Africa. However, poor definition and enforcement of the institutional arrangements governing the use of these resources sometimes lead to social conflicts and resource degradation.Document
Ethical trade and export horticulture in sub-Saharan Africa: The development of tools for ethical trading of horticultural exports by resource poor groupsEthical Trade and Natural Resources Programme, NRI, 1998Short report covering: the role of export horticulture in sub-Saharan Africa and its variable impact on the resource-poor; moves towards ethical trade in export horticulture, focusing on limitations of current approaches; a research agenda for developing appropriate criteria for ethical trade in horticultural products [author]DocumentSustainable Development Department, FAO SD Dimensions, 1998Analyses two examples of changing institution-resource access relationships in Africa and Latin America. The Africa case (Kakamega, Western Kenya) highlights the resource endowments and problems associated with the participation of individuals in multiple institutions, whereas the Latin America case (Oaxaca, Mexico) focuses on the changes in a single institution in response to population growth.DocumentUNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1997Overview of the extent to which industry in the developed world relies on the biodiversity of the developing world. Primitive human societies rely almost entirely on wild species for food, draught, building materials and other products, and such direct use continues in modern society.DocumentOffice of Arid Land Studies University of Arizona, 1997Series of articles on importance of urban agriculture in areas subject to desertification.DocumentIndigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor - Indigenous Knowledge WorldWide, 1997In the past few years research institutions and development organizations have 'discovered' the relevance of men farmers' indigenous knowledge of genetic resource management and, after some delay, that of women farmers as well. At the same time, attention has been drawn to the global need to conserve biological diversity.Document
Structure and conduct of major agricultural input and output markets and response to reforms by rural households in MadagascarInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998Interim reports on adjustment in the input trading sector; price behavior in local markets; and adjustment farm households have been published and are available online.