Searching with a thematic focus on Governance
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- DocumentEnvironment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997Malawi’ s smallholder agriculture is facing a crisis, particularly in the more populated south. There is an insidious combination of land shortage, continuous cultivation of maize, declining soil fertility, low yields, deforestation, poverty and high population growth rate.DocumentEnvironment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997Paper concentrates on services and policies needed to support sustainable family sector agriculture in the east of Botswana where the majority of the population and the largest number of resource poor people are concentrated. It does not attempt to look in detail at the needs of the 'Remote Area Dwellers’ although they experience extreme poverty, as this is a specific subject area.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1999Examines how a range of foreign donors has developed civil society initiatives in Ghana, Uganda and South Africa. All three countries form part of the new generation of African states that are seen as turning their back on decades of authoritarian rule, instead embracing open government and open economies in productive 'partnerships' with the West.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999During the 1990s, China has experienced a surge in imports of services, particularly those of communication, insurance and other business services, despite the fact that the authorities have maintained a plethora of restrictive measures limiting access to the service sector.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999Empowerment of the poor is one ingredient in effective poverty reduction. A demand-driven participatory approach enhances effectiveness and efficiency. Accountability is the central lever for participatory governance. Capacity building is necessary for making participatory governance a reality.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999The unprecedented withdrawal of foreign private capital from Asia, more than 10 per cent of GDP in the crisis countries, confronts them with a transfer problem.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999There are benefits from Latin American pension reform, but they have been overestimated. The approaches taken in second-generation reforms and their still early results hold lessons for OECD and non-OECD countries alike. A partial shift to funding is feasible and can be financed in different ways; partial funding of pensions can lead to greater risk diversification.Document
Review of progress made in the definition of the right to adequate food in international law: States' obligations, international organizations' obligations and the role of the private sector.FAO Right to Food, 1999The paper places the effort to define and clarify the rights to food and nutrition within the wider framework of international law and relations based on the United Nations Charter.DocumentFAO Right to Food, 1999FAO publication in response to the 50th anniversary of the UN Universal Declaration o Human Rights.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997Brief summary of FAO’s experience in agrarian reform and the most relevant activities of the current programme related to this field. It argues that the type of agrarian reform that considers the redistribution of land from the rich to the poor either through confiscation or through pre-emptive buyouts belongs to the past.