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- DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1998Objectives of this study are: (a) to provide an analytical overview of existing research and approaches adopted to address interlinkages between poverty and environment; (b) to identify gaps in understanding and potential conflicts between adopted approaches and priorities identified by research; and (c) to highlight policy and research priorities for future action by donors, development agenciesDocumentInternational Food Policy Research Institute, 1998Presents information on the credit constraints that poor rural households face, derived from detailed rural household surveys conducted by IFPRI and its collaborators in nine countries of Asia and Africa (Bang ladesh, Cameroon, China, Egypt, Ghana, Madagascar, Malawi, Nepal, and Pakistan).DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1998Analysis based on the convergence of viewpoints of a meeting held at IDS Sussex in July 1998. Policy recommendations include:Focus on structuring orderly debt workoutsModify and expand the HIPC initiativeDesign affordable safety netsEmphasise capacity buildingDocumentEnvironment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1998Report concentrates on ways of encouraging more sustainable smallholder agriculture in the drier regions of Zimbabwe within the context of reforms in agricultural services in a more liberal and plural economic and service environment. Paradoxically in Zimbabwe there is a need for both increased use of external inputs as well as a much greater emphasis on low external input technologies.DocumentEnvironment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997Main purpose of this report is to present a balanced assessment of prospects for sustainable growth in smallholder agriculture in Zambia in the light of recent reforms. Given their historical underdevelopment in Zambia, and policy emphasis on the interface between state and market, the report also focuses particularly on the role of NGOs.DocumentEnvironment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1998Concentrates on the black smallholder farming sector. Policy objectives should include:Resource Conserving Technologies: re-orientation away from large scale farmers, consideration of goals other than high input/output (risk management, labour input, gender).DocumentEnvironment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997Report recommends agriculture-sector poliy objective of risk reduction, production stability, and the diversification of agricultural and non-agricultural economic opportunities in the rural areas. The most fundamental problem remains, seven years after independence, the lack of a clear policy, administrative structures and legislation dealing with land allocation, tenure and management.DocumentEnvironment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997Malawi’ s smallholder agriculture is facing a crisis, particularly in the more populated south. There is an insidious combination of land shortage, continuous cultivation of maize, declining soil fertility, low yields, deforestation, poverty and high population growth rate.DocumentEnvironment and Development Consultancy Ltd, 1997Paper concentrates on services and policies needed to support sustainable family sector agriculture in the east of Botswana where the majority of the population and the largest number of resource poor people are concentrated. It does not attempt to look in detail at the needs of the 'Remote Area Dwellers’ although they experience extreme poverty, as this is a specific subject area.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1999Examines how a range of foreign donors has developed civil society initiatives in Ghana, Uganda and South Africa. All three countries form part of the new generation of African states that are seen as turning their back on decades of authoritarian rule, instead embracing open government and open economies in productive 'partnerships' with the West.