Searching with a thematic focus on Governance
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- DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999During the 1990s, China has experienced a surge in imports of services, particularly those of communication, insurance and other business services, despite the fact that the authorities have maintained a plethora of restrictive measures limiting access to the service sector.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999Empowerment of the poor is one ingredient in effective poverty reduction. A demand-driven participatory approach enhances effectiveness and efficiency. Accountability is the central lever for participatory governance. Capacity building is necessary for making participatory governance a reality.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999The unprecedented withdrawal of foreign private capital from Asia, more than 10 per cent of GDP in the crisis countries, confronts them with a transfer problem.DocumentOECD Development Centre, 1999There are benefits from Latin American pension reform, but they have been overestimated. The approaches taken in second-generation reforms and their still early results hold lessons for OECD and non-OECD countries alike. A partial shift to funding is feasible and can be financed in different ways; partial funding of pensions can lead to greater risk diversification.Document
Review of progress made in the definition of the right to adequate food in international law: States' obligations, international organizations' obligations and the role of the private sector.FAO Right to Food, 1999The paper places the effort to define and clarify the rights to food and nutrition within the wider framework of international law and relations based on the United Nations Charter.DocumentFAO Right to Food, 1999FAO publication in response to the 50th anniversary of the UN Universal Declaration o Human Rights.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997Brief summary of FAO’s experience in agrarian reform and the most relevant activities of the current programme related to this field. It argues that the type of agrarian reform that considers the redistribution of land from the rich to the poor either through confiscation or through pre-emptive buyouts belongs to the past.DocumentLand Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives, 1997Traces some general correlations and interlinkages between rural food security and decentralization. This is attempted from the viewpoint of rural institutions and organizations, a dimension that past attempts at integrated rural development have neglected.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1999Uses a computable general equilibrium (CGE) extension of earlier partial equilibrium analyses of static gains from regional economic integration in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in Southern Africa. Both models are based on 37 sectors for each of 12 SADC countries.DocumentInstitute of Development Studies UK, 1999In a seminal and provocative book, Putnam argues that levels of trust, interest in public affairs and political participation are the most important explanatory features of the differential institutional performance across Italian regions over time.