Searching with a thematic focus on Agriculture and food, Food security
Showing 831-840 of 882 results
- DocumentRural Development Strategy Team, World Bank, 2001For more than a decade, the proportion of internationally supported public investment directed at agriculture and the rural sector in developing countries has been declining. Moreover, this is occuring at a time in which the process of globalisation is changing patters of trade and investment, placing agricultural producers and communities under tremendous pressure to adapt in order to survive.DocumentSustainable Development Department, FAO SD Dimensions, 2000Focussing on sub-Saharan Africa, where the HIV/AIDS epidemic has spread rapidly over the past 15 years, this article highlights the effects of the pandemic on farm households and discusses some policy issues arising from it.Effects of HIV/AIDS infection on agriculture:Reduction in area of land under cultivation, as land is often allocated by community authorities to families on the basiDocument
Pastoral institutions and approaches to risk management and poverty alleviation in Central Asian countries in transitionSustainable Development Department, FAO SD Dimensions, 1999Outlines new notion (risk management) of poverty alleviation among pastoralist communites in Central Asia. Pastoralists may either harness the beneficial effects of risk and uncertainty (i.e. fluctuations in commodity price of livestock) or attempt to manage the destructive effects of risk and uncertainty (i.e.DocumentGRAIN, 1999The Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) claim the introduction of plant variety protection (a form of patent law) will contribute to food security, sustainable agriculture, and the protection of the environment and of biodiversity.DocumentGRAIN, 2000The rice blast disease and industry’s approaches to dealing with it provide a clear example of how corporate research and development (R&D) strategies are diverging from the needs and means of farmers, particularly in the poorer countries of South and Southeast Asia.DocumentGRAIN, 2000The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) is one of the most focused promoters of gene technologies in Asia. Through the formation and support of key local elites, ISAAA is helping carry out an agenda set by transnational corporations (TNCs), in the name of Asia’s rural poor.DocumentGRAIN, 2001'Golden rice' is a genetically modified rice engineered to contain vitamin A or its precursor, beta-carotene. Monsanto was quick to jump on the humanitarian bandwagon by announcing royalty-free licenses for any of its technologies used to further the development of the rice.DocumentInstitute of Science in Society, UK, 2001This scientific briefing explains why the patenting of life-forms and living processes (as covered under Article 27.3(b) of TRIPs) should be revoked and banned.Concludes that all biotech patents should be rejected on the following grounds:all involve biological processes not under the direct control of the scientist.DocumentGRAIN, 1999This paper summarises GRAIN’s view of what should be done with TRIPS Article 27.3(b) during its 1999 Review.Document
People, plants, and patents: the impact of intellectual property on trade, plant biodiversity, and rural societyInternational Development Research Centre, 1994The purpose of this book is to identify key IPR issues and choices and to describe the broader context within which decisions are being made.