Searching for Latin America and Caribbean
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Taxation and inequality in developing countries: lessons from the recent experience of Latin AmericaUnited Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research, 2016This paper aims to advance understanding about the relationship between taxation and inequality in developing countries, focusing on the recent experience of Latin America. Although the tax system was regressive in the 1990s, tax changes promoted equality in the first decade of the 2000s.DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2014This paper analyses and compares approaches to unitary taxation in federal and regional integrated markets, and explores the potential application of unitary taxation in the context of regional economic communities within Africa, East Asia, and Latin America.DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2016Tax experiments have been gaining momentum in recent years, although this literature dates back several decades. With new developments in methods and data availability, tax experiments have gradually moved away from lab settings and towards the field.DocumentInternational Centre for Tax and Development, 2012Governments across the developing world in general, and Latin America in particular, tend to have difficulty in raising taxes from elites. In 2002, however, the Colombian government introduced the first of a series of wealth taxes aimed solely at rich individuals and companies with large liquid assets.DocumentWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2017This atlas provides habitat suitability maps for 54 species that are widely used in Central America for shade in coffee or cocoa agroforestry systems. The 54 species represent 24 fruit species, 24 timber species and 6 species used for soil fertility improvement.DocumentInternational Monetary Fund, 2017The paper develops a simple, integrated methodology to project public pension cash flows and healthcare spending over the long term. The authors illustrate its features by applying it to the LAC5 (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico), where public spending pressures are expected to increase significantly over 2015-50 due to demographic trends and rising healthcare costs.DocumentLatin American Center for Rural Development, 2016Indigenous Peoples as a demographic are amongst the poorest and most marginalized on the planet. Many have been displaced and exist in territories where extreme conditions make sustainable economic development challenging, with infrastructure, water and energy costlyand unstable. Often, traditional ways of life are no longer able to get them out of the poverty which they face.DocumentClimate and Development Knowledge Network, 2017Governments in the Caribbean recognise climate variability and change to be the most significant threat to sustainable development in the region.Document
Climate impacts on agriculture and tourism – the case for climate resilient investment in the CaribbeanClimate and Development Knowledge Network, 2017For the Caribbean, climate change is not tomorrow’s problem. The threats it poses are neither distant nor abstract – they are already apparent. In recent years, hurricanes have caused major damage in countries such as Jamaica, Grenada and Cuba; severe flooding has hit Belize and Guyana; and droughts affect much of the east of the region.Document
Driving, connecting and communicating: The many roles of national government in climate adaptation planningClimate and Development Knowledge Network, 2017Climate change is one of the most significant challenges to the Caribbean’s future prosperity. The impacts of climate change on economically important sectors such as tourism, agriculture and fishing threaten Caribbean nations’ ability to achieve their economic and social development goals.