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Searching with a thematic focus on Agriculture and food

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  • Document

    Malawi: A political economy analysis

    Norwegian Institute for International Affairs, 2017
    This report provides a comprehensive political economy analysis of contemporary Malawi. The country epitomises the primacy of patrimonial politics – including endemic corruption – with a powerful presidency at the helm and a weak legislature, although with a largely independent judiciary.
  • Document

    Legal limits to tribal governance: coal mining in Meghalaya, India

    Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway, 2017
    Land in Meghalaya, India, was traditionally agricultural land, owned by the community. With increasing privatization and rising commercial value of land for non-agricultural use, many owners have sold the land for mining operations. So-called rat-hole coal mining has resulted in environmental degradation as well as in the loss of lives of miners, most of whom are from outside the state.
  • Document

    Tribal representation & local land governance in India: A case study from the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya

    Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway, 2017
    In India, the Schedule Tribes have remained on the fringes of growth, but less so in the majority tribal areas of the North East. This has increased the interest in the Sixth Schedule, the special constitutional provision relating to these areas, recognising the tribal communities’ rights of ownership and control over their land and natural resources.
  • Document

    Incentives for conservation in Tigray, Ethiopia: Findings from a household survey

    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 2017
    Understanding the problem of land degradation in a given spatial and temporal context, requires looking at the community baseline conditions such as the natural resource base, human resources, existing institutions and infrastructure base, and how these conditions interact with policies and institutions to influence human responses and thereby affect productivity, livelihood security and the na
  • Document

    Adoption of soil fertility management technologies in Malawi: Impact of drought exposure

    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 2017
    Soil fertility management (SFM) technologies may potentially protect against climate risks, reduce nutrient depletion and enhance food security. In this paper, we study impact of drought exposure on adoption and adoption intensity of SFM technologies, specifically, focusing on maize-legume intercropping and organic manure.
  • Document

    Can the land rental market facilitate smallholder commercialization? Evidence from northern Ethiopia

    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 2017
    The paper utilizes household panel data to investigate whether the land rental market can facilitate improved access to land for land-poor tenant households over time and thereby facilitate expansion of their farming activity.
  • Document

    Policies for improved food security: The roles of land tenure policies and land markets

    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 2017
    This paper provides an overview of what we know about farm size distributions, the emerging land markets, the role of tenure systems, tenure reforms and land policies in shaping the distribution of increasingly scarce land resources. The primary focus is on Africa while making some comparisons with Asia.
  • Document

    Agricultural investments for development in Tanzania: reconciling actors, strategies and logics?

    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 2017
    Agricultural investments carry opportunities and risks for smallholders, rural communities, and the environment.
  • Document

    The adoption potential of Conservation Agriculture technologies in Malawi: A lead farmer promoter-adopter approach and assessment

    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 2017
    This paper assesses the adoption potential of conservation agriculture (CA) technologies in Malawi, where CA appears highly appropriate. Estimation of CA adoption rates and their determinants is complicated by the relatively recent introduction of these technologies and limited awareness of CA among the general population of smallholder farmers.
  • Document

    Probability weighting and input use intensity in a state-contingent framework

    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 2017
    Climate risk represents an increasing threat to poor and vulnerable farmers in drought-prone areas of Africa. This study assesses the fertilizer adoption responses of food insecure farmers in Malawi, where Drought Tolerant (DT) maize was recently introduced. A field experiment, eliciting risk attitudes of farmers, is combined with a detailed farm household survey.

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