Key Issues and Collections

Latest documents

  • Document

    Rural sanitation and climate change: Putting ideas into practice

    J. Kohlitz, R. Iyer / Institute of Development Studies UK, 2021
    SDG 6.2 calls for sustainable sanitation for all before 2030. Yet over 2 billion people still lack access to basic sanitation facilities. Ensuring good sanitation and hygiene practices for everybody means ending open defecation, tackling existing challenges with access and use, and ensuring all sanitation facilities are safely managed.
  • Document

    Community Leave No One Behind: Handbook For Practitioners

    Anupma Verma, J.P. Shukla / 2021
    Community-Leave No One Behind (CLNOB) is a new participatory approach to identify both challenges and solutions in communities’ journeys towards ODF-S. It has been designed to be integrated into Phase II of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen (SBM-G).
  • Document

    Community Leave No One Behind: Lessons from a Pilot

    Anupma Verma, J.P. Shukla, Ruhil Iyer / 2021
    In 2020, WSSCC’s India Support Unit (now UNOPS) piloted a new participatory approach called Community Leave No One Behind (CLNOB) to support the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G) Phase II.
  • Document

    Monitoring Sanitation Campaigns: Targets, Reporting and Realism

    Kamal Adhikari, Bharat Adhikari, Sue Cavill, Santosh Mehrotra, Vijeta Rao, Matteus Van Der Velden / 2021
    Many governments in Asia and Africa have set ambitious target dates for their countries becoming open defecation free (ODF). Some have recently concluded national sanitation campaigns; a number of countries have campaigns underway; while others are in the conceptualising and planning process.
  • Document

    Monitoring India’s National Sanitation Campaign (2014–2020)

    Santosh Mehrotra / 2021
    In 2011, India had more phone users (around 54 per cent of households) and television access (33 per cent) in rural areas than people with access to tap water (31 per cent) and toilet facilities (31 per cent), according to Census 2011. This clearly indicates the failure of government programmes to change the centuries-old practice of defecation in the open.
  • Document

    Nepal Sanitation Movement Lessons Learnt on Targets and Monitoring

    Kamal Adhikari, Bharat Adhikari / 2021
    In 2011 Nepal set a national target of becoming an ODF country by 2017 by implementing the Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan. This nation-wide Open Defecation Free (ODF) campaign had three milestones in terms of coverage of household toilets: 60 per cent by 2012/13, 80 per cent by 2014/15 and 100 per cent by 2016/17.


  • 7 October 2021
    Earlier this year, the Sanitation Learning Hub team published a call for applicants to undertake a gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) audit of the programme to identify how GESI issues are addressed in our activities and internal orga
    The Sanitation Learning Hub
  • 23 November 2020
    A new IDS-led research project seeks to re-imagine sanitation in rapidly urbanising areas in Asia and Africa to help address the sanitation crisis, enhance off–grid economies and improve the well-being of poor and vulnerable women and men, and marginalised communities such as Dalits, migrants, sanitation workers and refugees. 
    Lyla Mehta
  • Tiguirizane women at fish pond in Tiguirizane Association
    1 July 2020
    Never has the need for social protection been greater. In response to the economic and social fallout of Covid-19, almost every country in the world has introduced or expanded programmes that support those who are most vulnerable.
    Keetie Roelen

What's new

There is an illustration showing two women wading away in knee-high water, walking away from a flooded toilet. Two children watch.
6th July 2021
Join the Sanitation Learning Hub for a webinar on climate change and rural sanitation – putting ideas into practice.
There is an illustration showing two women wading away in knee-high water, walking away from a flooded toilet. Two children watch.
30th April 2021
Researchers from the Sanitation Learning Hub have published a new report providing evidence and practical guidance for adapting projects to make them sustainable for the future.
Image shows Greta Thunberg holding a school strike for climate sign, among other young protestors
10th February 2021
“I’m only a child and I don’t have all the solutions, but I want you to realise, neither do you.” Severn Cullis-Suzuki, 12 years old, Rio Earth Summit, 1992
STEPS Summer School '13 - Rivers of Life #4
6th January 2021
Gain the skills and knowledge to more effectively shape policy with evidence with IDS's online short course.
29th October 2020
A new IDS Bulletin examines the experiences of female-led activisms against sexual harassment in articles that cover 11 countries around the world, including Egypt, the Philippines and India.