Focused study report. Exploring rural livelihoods in Afghanistan: A study of two villages in Dai Kundi province.

Focused study report. Exploring rural livelihoods in Afghanistan: A study of two villages in Dai Kundi province.

Introduction and purpose of the focused study.
Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) Afghanistan conducted a Focused Study in two villages of Dai Kundi in the period 12-22 October 2014. The main purpose of the focused study was to ensure that NCA and its partners develop and use the required skills and methods for collecting qualitative data (e.g. interview techniques, selection of informants, etc.), for analyzing community situations and documenting and reporting change and/or life stories. The study would also allow NCA partners and staff to gain in-depth knowledge of these two communities where NCA already were, or were planning to implement development activities. The study was facilitated by Dr. Ingrid Nyborg, Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU).

Study Area.
Dai Kundi is one of the 34 provinces in Afghanistan. The province is located in the central part of Afghanistan. Dai Kundi was officially established as its own province in 2004, previously being a remote district of Uruzgan district. The estimated population of the province is 723, 980, with the Hazara tribe being the main ethnic group. Dai Kundi is located 310 km from Kabul with limited accessibility due to poor road quality, landslides and the closing of mountain passes during the winter months. The landscape is mountainous, with very little arable land and a harsh climate. In addition the region has been experiencing a drought for the past nine years. When precipitation comes, it is often in large amounts at once, resulting in flooding and erosion of topsoil. The economic situation in Dai Kundi is poor, and the income resources of the province are agriculture and animal husbandry. Dai Kundi is one of the poorest areas of Afghanistan, and consequently the facilities of healthcare and education are minimal.

Study Villages.
The study was conducted in two villages in Ashtarlai district of Dai Kundi province. The villages were chosen such that one village, Masrook, had begun implementing NCA activities since the previous year (2013), while the other village, Qwame Bocha, was one in which NCA planned to start working with (2014/15).

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