The vulnerability related with AIDS in China

The vulnerability related with AIDS in China

Broader conceptions of vulnerability needed to address HIV in China

This short note, prepared for a UNAIDS workshop on Vulnerability and AIDS, describes experiences of vulnerability in relation to HIV and AIDS in China. The author describes: experiences of contracting HIV through blood transfusion in China; risk taking behaviour as a means to escape poverty; and how HIV infection can be a result of health systems failure. The author highlights how groups such as sex workers and injecting drug users (IDU) neglect HIV risks because of their vulnerable legal and social status and how minority groups represent the bulk of HIV positive people.

The paper then considers how this vulnerability can be addressed and how to advocate for this in difficult political environments such as China. The author explains how it is necessary to advocate in government and in the communist party and describes how training sessions with government officials are an excellent way to sensitise them to the issues. Non-governmental organisations are new to China, but civil society is able to become more involved with government. Finally, the author outlines how parliament needs to consider the agendas of people living with HIV and AIDS, IDUs and sex workers to fully address vulnerability to HIV and AIDS.