Poverty environment linkages: a study of use and management of forest resources in Mahabharat tract, west Nepal

Poverty environment linkages: a study of use and management of forest resources in Mahabharat tract, west Nepal

Linkages between forest resource use and management

The author explores the socio-economic dimension of forest resource use and management in the Mahabharat hill track of Arghakhanchi district in west Nepal.

Analysis focuses on:

  • various attributes of forest resources use and variation between regions, socio-economic and demographic groups
  • local forest management systems and practices
  • forest resource use and its related management
  • economic status of households focusing on the poverty-environment nexus.

Major findings and conclusions from the overall study include:

  • the extent, depth and severity of poverty is high - the incidence of poverty is found to be negatively correlated with forest and pasture land holding
  • poverty alleviation programmes should focus on targeted illiterate, marginalised and landless groups
  • no evidence was found of conversion of forest land to farmland over the past decade
  • better-off households are found to use higher quantities of resources such fuel wood, fodder/litter and timber
  • forests under government control are more vulnerable in terms of forest degradation and misuse of resources.

Based on these conclusions, the author argues that poverty and forest degradation are not directly related, despite the fact that the poor tend to depend more on public forests.

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