The 1998 floods in Bangladesh: disaster impacts, household coping strategies, and response

The 1998 floods in Bangladesh: disaster impacts, household coping strategies, and response

Food security strategies during the Bangladesh floods

This report, based on data from a survey of 757 rural households in seven flood-affected regions (thanas ) and on analysis of secondary data on food grain markets, describes how government policy, well-functioning private markets, household coping strategies,and donor and NGO interventions combined to maintain availability and access to food.

Concludes that, in spite of severe disruption to food production and the rural economy,the government of Bangladesh, together with donors, NGOs, and flood-exposed households themselves were extremely successful in mitigating the effects of the 1998 flood at the household level and in avoiding a major food crisis. Food security in Bangladesh was largely maintained through an appropriate mix of short-and long-term public interventions, private market trade flows,and an extensive system of private borrowing.

Nonetheless, continued investments in agricultural research, extension, roads,electricity,and other rural infrastructure; policies promoting efficient markets; and programs to provide targeted transfers and credit to poor households are needed to further enhance the food security of the poor. [author]