Internal displacement global overview of trends and developments in 2008

Internal displacement global overview of trends and developments in 2008

Global trends in internal displacement

With approximately 26 million people internally displaced worldwide, the issue of IDPs remain one of the most serious challenges for the international development community. This report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) examines the 2008 internal displacement trends. It looks at the global and thematic developments including monitoring and profiling IDPs, and national and UN responses as well as offering country updates from all regions in the world.

2008 saw 4.6 million people newly displaced. The biggest new displacement was in the Philippines whilst there were also massive new displacements in Kenya, DRC, Pakistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka and India. The largest internally displaced populations are in Sudan (4.9 million), Colombia (up to 4.3 million) and Iraq (2.8 million).

There are three ways IDPs can address their displacement: through returning to their place of origin; integrating in the place to which they have been displaced; or settling in a third location. However there are obstacles to all these solutions. Insecurity was seen as a main impediment to return as was lack of access to education. The most frequent obstacles both to durable return and local integration was the lack of livelihood opportunities. Overall the absence of a political settlement or peace agreement was extremely prominent in 2008 and was perceived as one of the main obstacles to durable solutions in 21 countries.

To assist durable solutions, programmes should promote income-generating activities and address land and property disputes arising when properties left behind by IDPs are occupied by others or destroyed. The report suggests that addressing these issues requires immediate and long-term action, first to register abandoned land and property, and then to rebuild properties and implement restitution and compensation mechanisms.

  1. How good is this research?

    Assessing the quality of research can be a tricky business. This blog from our editor offers some tools and tips.