Climate change and inter-ethnic conflict between Fulani herdsmen and host communities in Nigeria

Climate change and inter-ethnic conflict between Fulani herdsmen and host communities in Nigeria

Social impacts of Fulani migration to south Nigeria as a result of drought

This paper examines the security implications of climate change on the communities that host Fulani herdsmen In Nigeria. The paper states that these herdsmen were forced to migrate south from their origin in north Nigeria as a result of drought, food shortage, and unusual weather. The paper also examines the form of social relations that has developed as a result of climate change.

The author notes that Fulani herdsmen’s migration caused a break down in social arrangements and settings in the south, as well as culture shock among the host communities. The paper states that women are to be the most vulnerable group affected by the consequences of climate change, suggesting further study on the effects of climate change on women.

The document presents the following findings:

  • the Fulani, the group which is most affected by climate change, lack adaptive mechanisms
  • the host communities in the south have known no peace since Fulani-herdsmen invaded their communities
  • after the migration, a series of armed conflicts have occurred between the Fulani herdsmen and their host communities
  • in general, the relationship between the Fulani herdsmen and their host communities has been frosty; crisis and social unrest characterise interactions between Fulani herdsmen and their hosts
  • in the host communities, a series of social factors came into play such as religious intolerance, pressure on land, rape, robbery, theft, and other social vices.
  1. How good is this research?

    Assessing the quality of research can be a tricky business. This blog from our editor offers some tools and tips.