Determinants of adoption and extent of agricultural intensification in the central mid-hills of Nepal

Determinants of adoption and extent of agricultural intensification in the central mid-hills of Nepal

Many Nepali mid-hills farmers practice agricultural intensification, but improved extension programmes and credit provision are needed to improve adoption

The problems encountered by Nepalese farmers in the adoption of agricultural intensification (AI), and the constraints and complexities of sustainable AI are not thoroughly understood. This study analyses factors influencing the adoption and extent of AI at household level in specific region in the central mid-hills of Nepal.

The paper presumes that intensive agriculture is a gradual process and is influenced by several socio-economic and institutional factors. The findings include: 

  • the majority of the sampled households practice AI, with differences in the area under intensive cropping
  • irrigation facility, higher crop yield, landholding size, access to credit, and distance to chemical fertiliser store have significant influences on adoption
  • however, there seems to be a difference in the relative importance of factors determining land users’ farming decisions and the relative significance of influencing factors may vary for farmers under varying socio-economic and agro-ecological conditions
  • as a result, the availability of resources, the institutions through which resources are accessed, and the policy context all influence the path of AI

Conclusions are as follows:

  • the study findings could contribute to formulating policies based on farmers’ need, interest, and capacity in promoting sustainable agricultural intensification
  • problems remain regarding the difference in fertiliser prices and lack of knowledge about the correct use of fertilisers
  • sustainable agricultural intensification can be achieved by improving extension programmes, credit provision, infrastructural services and the promotion of irrigation facilities
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