Integrating climate change adaptation into secure livelihoods: Toolkit 3 (Developing a programme strategy and plan of action)

Integrating climate change adaptation into secure livelihoods: Toolkit 3 (Developing a programme strategy and plan of action)

Toolkit to help develop strategies for climate change adaptation

Climate change adaptation has progressed significantly in many of the regions and countries identified as key focus areas. However, while the nature of work varies from programme to programme, in most areas it remains mainly in the ad hoc piloting stage of small scale initiatives building on ongoing secure livelihoods and disaster risk reduction (DRR) work. The purpose of this toolkit is to help programme workers develop a strategy that outlines this kind of integrated programmatic approach to climate change adaptation for their programme since few country programme strategy papers (CPSPs) were developed with a specific climate change perspective integrated into them.

This toolkit is intended for the focus of countries that are facing high impacts of climate change, or where  Christian Aid has an existing secure livelihoods programme to give a basis for further programme development and learning to develop climate change risk reduction and adaptation.

According to this document, the integration strategy may replace the current livelihoods programme strategy or sit within a broader strategy, including other key livelihoods issues like access to markets, conflict or social exclusion. The new strategy has the following practical implications:
  • integrating climate change into partners’ existing secure livelihoods work
  • developing new adaptation-focused partnerships and projects
  • building linkages/collaboration between partners
  • research into key outstanding issues
  • developing adaptation funding proposals.
Such an adaptation strategy should include the following:
  • climate risk assessment: assisting in identifying where priority actions could be implemented by combining analysis of the climate vulnerability of rural-urban areas and agro-ecological zones with an analysis of poverty and livelihoods
  • adaptation policy context: summarising the existing policies on climate change and awareness of the need to adapt to it
  • stakeholder analysis: summarising key stakeholders either directly engaged in or engaged in strongly related interventions at the national and local level
  • statement of strategic focus: this should summarise the strategic focus of the programme.
The toolkit outlines the following steps needed in order to create a more detailed plan of action to add to the basic strategy detail:
  • earlier related programmes, lessons learnt and progress to date
  • programme planning process
  • problem statement and rationale
  • programme description and methodology
  • strategies and approaches
  • management framework
  • programme finance
  • cross referencing with emerging frameworks.
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