The securitization of the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a norm: a contribution to the constructivist scholarship on the emergence and diffusion of international norms

The securitization of the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a norm: a contribution to the constructivist scholarship on the emergence and diffusion of international norms

This article discusses the emergence of an innovative conceptualisation of security in the 1990s that proclaims the global HIV/AIDS epidemic is a threat to international peace and stability. The study provides a framework for understanding the securitisation of the HIV/AIDS epidemic as an international norm defined and promoted mainly by multilateral bodies, powerful states in the North and transnational HIV/AIDS advocacy networks. The HIV/AIDS securitisation norm (HASN) is an attempt of the analysis presented to synthesise under a single analytical concept the myriad of ideas and international prescriptions about HIV/AIDS interventions. The article identifies the actors who developed the main strategic prescriptions of the HASN and the transnational mechanisms that promoted the diffusion of its concepts throughout the state system.

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