Beyond the new deal: global collaboration and peacebuilding with BRICS countries

Beyond the new deal: global collaboration and peacebuilding with BRICS countries

Development in fragile and conflict-affected contexts is both complex and contested. The New Deal for Engagement with Fragile States, endorsed by 35 countries and six organisations, is the current focus of efforts to harmonise aid approaches. Yet, BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) are charting their own individual approaches for promoting development and peacebuilding in conflict-affected states.

This policy brief examines opportunities for Western donors to deepen collaboration with BRICS countries, and suggests that focusing on peacebuilding, aligning financial assistance in post-conflict reconstruction, and furthering cooperation in peacekeeping are all entry points to extend cooperation beyond the New Deal.

Policy recommendations: engagement between OECD-DAC and BRICS donors must focus on trust building and there are a number of areas in which Western donors can cultivate stronger cooperation with the BRICS countries.

  • collaboration in peacebuilding by providing further political support, financial and technical assistance, and troop deployments to peacebuilding efforts headed by regional organisations
  • financial aid and post-conflict reconstruction, being the preferred focus of intervention for BRICS countries, is an entry point for developing dialogue on the pre-requisites for longer-term stability and peace. OECD – DAC donorshave a role to play in promoting conflict sensitive approaches in reconstruction and investment as well as adherence to international codes relating to land investment and resource extraction, which are often part of broader packages of reconstruction supports
  • strengthening UN peacekeeping operations - building on BRICS countries’ substantial contributions to UN peacekeeping operations to date, OECD – DAC donors can improve both collaboration and coherence by renewing their own commitments to UN-backed efforts. This may include cooperation in providing training and technical expertise as well as funding to UN peacekeeping operations
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