Incrementally securing tenure in urban and peri-­‐urban Mozambique: an exploration of the evidence base and strategy proposals

Incrementally securing tenure in urban and peri-­‐urban Mozambique: an exploration of the evidence base and strategy proposals

The increase in the population of Mozambican cities is determined essentially by natural growth and by migration from the countryside into the cities; this has resulted in a proliferation of informal settlements. The current report explores the implications for an incremental approach to securing tenure in urban and peri‐urban Mozambique.

The paper clarifies that currently in Mozambique, there are three systems for land access and holding: a formal process, a customary process (in rural areas) and local tenure arrangements in informal settlements. Consequently, the author highlights that local processes and procedures to manage land in the informal settlements are functional and viable, although they do not legally secure tenure.

As a result, the document recommends strengthening the existing land management arrangements to improve tenure security. In this framework, it suggests increasing access to local forms of evidence as one place to start, and further exploration of the reasons for the perceptions of insecurity as another possible one. In addition, the author recommends putting efforts for:

  • rising awareness on the rights and protections established in the law
  • making access to legal aid available for poor communities and individuals
  • exploring other options for titling rather than the current emphasis on individual titling

 

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