Air pollution reduction and control in South Asia

Air pollution reduction and control in South Asia

With increasing urbanisation and economic growth, air pollution is becoming an urgent concern in South Asian countries Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The objective of this study is to look into and discuss the socioeconomic situation of South Asia, the existing situation of air pollution in the countries of the region, its resulting health impacts on the population and the responses, if any, of national governments to combat air pollution.

Given the progress that has been made at the national levels in terms of institutional building and development, a number of initiatives are recommended which should first create forums for more regular technology sharing and dialogue.

The Male Declaration (MD) encourages intergovernmental cooperation to address the increasing level of trans-boundary air pollution and its negative impacts. The declaration exists for countries to assess and develop strategies for mitigating air pollution, set up monitoring arrangements, collect and analyse air quality data and their impacts. However, much more collaboration and practical efforts are needed to strengthen the framework. It is also important to expedite the process of improvement, since the MD has been in existence for over 12 years already.

  1. How good is this research?

    Assessing the quality of research can be a tricky business. This blog from our editor offers some tools and tips.