Return migration and entrepreneurship in Morocco

Return migration and entrepreneurship in Morocco

This paper contributes to a rapidly growing literature concerned with the potentially substantial implications of international migration for economic development in developing countries. The paper uses a sample of return Moroccan migrants in 2003-04 to explore the pattern of return migration and entrepreneurial activities of return migrants, focusing particularly on the determinants of entrepreneurial behaviour among return migrants in Morocco.

The document indicates that Moroccans are the second largest non-EU immigrant group living in the Europe. In this context, the Moroccan government, in order to manage unemployment levels and attract the maximum financial resources into the national economy through remittances, has actively facilitated Moroccan migration.

The findings suggest that individual characteristics, conditions before migration and the overseas migration experiences play a significant role beyond the role played by savings and captured by migration duration. However, the authors point that failing to control for the impact of migration duration would reduce the probability of investment amongst returnees. Identically, ignoring the impact of overseas investment would overestimate it.

All things considered, the paper highlights that the findings support the view that return migration can play a useful role in the development process through investment and mobilising the savings and skills of migrants.