Case study: Nepal’s agriculture, climate change and food security

Case study: Nepal’s agriculture, climate change and food security

This brief is a country case study of Nepal produced alongside the DFID Topic Guide on Climate Change, Food Security and Agriculture. It highlights how climate change affects the situation of food security and agriculture in Nepal. The aim is to provide country offices with specific guidance on activities, barriers and opportunities for integrating climate change and Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) approaches within the national context.

Thia paper notes that:

  • Nepal’s government is aware and strongly committed to tackling climate change both nationally through programming, and internationally as chair of the Least Developed Countries Group in the international climate negotiations
  • this is despite, and because of its poverty Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, with an income of US $730 per capita and 25% of its population in poverty. It is highly dependent on remittances from overseas, with just under one third of its GDP from this source
  • Nepal’s Agriculture is important but seriously underdeveloped Agriculture is vitally important to Nepal, employing 65% of the workforce and generating over one third of the country’s GDP. However, Nepal does not grow enough food to support its population: 14% of the population are food insecure, and two thirds of the population are food insecure at certain points of the year


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