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- DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007Globalisation and pressure from increased competition have led to “splintering” of in-house services from formerly integrated manufacturing firms in developed economies and, at the same time, to an increase in “outsourcing” of these same services.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007In its effort to develop the domestic manufacture of automotive parts and components, the Philippine government adopted local content requirements which protected the industry for almost thirty years. The government also imposed high tariffs coupled with import restrictions on the importation of motor vehicles.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007Nontariff measures are vilified for preventing exports, especially of agriculture, from developing countries. Philippine exporters seem to be taking things in stride, however. This paper estimates the cost of certification regularly borne by a typical Philippine food exporter to be less than three percent of sales, a relatively inconsequential ratio.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007The literature on the Asian financial crisis typically contends that financial liberalization and the removal of obstacles to foreign borrowing by banks and the corporate sector, coupled with poor and inadequate prudential supervision, gave rise to the risk of moral hazard and the resulting financial crisis.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007The inflow of international remittances to the Philippines has been recently increasing at phenomenal rates. Official data indicates that from 2001 to 2006, remittances have been growing at an average rate of over 16 percent annually. This suggests that within the said period it doubled and reached a crucial amount of US$12.7 billion or 11 percent of the country’s GDP.Document
A cautionary note on the interpretation of unit labor costs as an indicator of competitiveness, with reference to the PhilippinesPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2010This note shows that unit labor costs, the most widely used measure of competitiveness, are equivalent to the labor share in output multiplied by a price-adjustment factor.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007In the past few years, the Philippines' government has developed and installed a unique model of performance-based budgeting known as the Organizational Performance Indicator Framework (OPIF).DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007Laguna de Bay, also known as Laguna Lake, is the largest lake in the Philippines and among the largest in Southeast Asia. It is a significant natural resource, being the catchment of an expansive and environmentally important watershed.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007This study aims to characterize and analyze the various contractual arrangements in selected agricultural commodities in parts of Central and Northern Luzon, Philippines.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2007Economists have begun the quest for explanations of contractual choices in developing countries and especially for pervasiveness of informal credit and insurance arrangements and interlinkages observed in agricultural and fishing contracts.