Showing 3961-3970 of 63763 results
Benefit incidence analysis of public spending on education in the Philippines: a methodological notePhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008Benefit incidence analysis (BIA) is a tool used to assess how tax policy or government subsidy affects the distribution of welfare in the population. In other words, it evaluates the distribution of government subsidies among different groups in the population, in particular, among different income groups. The methodology involved in benefit incidence approach is straightforward.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008Have age profiles of consumption and labor income in the Philippines changed from 1994 to 2002? What are the implications of the changes observed in the lifecycle patterns? The National Transfer Accounts (NTA) methodologies are applied to estimate the per capita age profiles of current consumption and labor income for the Philippines for the years 1994, 1999, and 2002.Document
Consumption, income, and intergenerational reallocation of resources: application of NTA in the Philippines, 1999Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008A country’s population consists of persons at different ages and stages of their economic lifecycle. Those in the population that are incurring lifecycle deficits would not be able to sufficiently support themselves, while those generating surpluses would have more than they require.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008In the relatively new body of ideas dubbed “new economic geography” and “spatial economics,” we find insights on the potentials of industrial agglomeration for regional and national economic development.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008The economic reform process in the Philippines was accelerated in the 1980s and 1990s. The reforms were found to have yielded positive results in terms of the nature of industrial agglomeration in the country as this was found to have occurred in the 1990s based on the results of the survey and econometrics analyses.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008In recognition of their substantial contribution to the economy both in terms of number of enterprises and workers, the Philippine government has put in place a number of policies and programs designed specifically to boost SME productivity and competitiveness in the country.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008The second goal of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is to achieve universal primary education. The target is to reach all the MDGs by 2015. Trends in education indicators for monitoring the second MDG suggest that Philippines may probably not meet the target on achieving universal primary education.Document
Policy study on the national and local government expenditures for Millennium Development Goals, 2000-2005Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008In line with the commitment of the Philippine government to adopt the Millennium Declaration, there have been efforts geared toward the achievement of the millennium development goals (MDGs) particularly the specific targets set for each of the eight MDGs.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008Striking a balance between trade facilitation and preventing trade deflection is the single most difficult challenge with regard to the issue of rules of origin (ROO). ASEAN ROO is already considered as among the simplest in the world and still, in practice, results fall short of expectations.Document
Impacts of the Free Trade Area of the Pacific (FTAAP) on production, consumption, and trade of the PhilippinesPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008While the Philippines is not a stranger to free trade areas and other regional trading arrangements, there remains a number of economic issues that need to be clarified. The basic question is whether the country will experience net economic benefits from the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP).