Showing 3971-3980 of 63763 results
Globalization and the need for strategic government-industry cooperation in the Philippine automotive industryPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008The industry’s lack of competitiveness, absence of economies of scale and a weak supply base are the fundamental issues that must be addressed in order to strengthen the industry and integrate it with regional production networks of foreign automakers. The entry of cheap, smuggled second-hand vehicles has put tremendous pressure on the industry.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008In moving toward the East Asian vision of a community, a rational, enabling regime of rules of origin (ROOs) that would encourage deeper economic integration and shared prosperity should be established.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008Since the 1980s, the Philippines implemented market-opening reforms such as trade liberalisation, deregulation, and privatisation in order to encourage competition in the economy. However, the overall impact of these reforms on growth, investment, and employment has been limited.Document
Avoiding anomalies of GDP in constant prices by conversion to chained prices: accentuating shifts in Philippine economic transformationPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008Changing the base year (1985) of Philippine GDP in constant prices could change the growth rate and the shares of components even when there is no change in the volume of production, implying that the changes in growth rate and shares are anomalous (i.e., no real basis).DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008The Philippines has used the build-operate-transfer BOT law, as amended to motivate private sector provision of infrastructure. Using examples from selected BOT projects in the country, this paper points out key issues constraining the successful implementation of the BOT approach to infrastructure provision.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008Using data from 3,120 farm households surveyed in 2000 and 2006, the paper tests for factors that affect the degree and extent of households’ participation in the rural land rental market.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008Illness or injury, death of a family member, man-made calamities and natural disasters have a devastating effect on those poor households’ cash flow, liquidity, and earning capacities and thus, on household welfare. Demand for microinsurance products is growing in view of continuing risks to household welfare and the seeming inability of the government to address this issue.Document
Implementing US GDP in chained prices for cross-country GDP growth and sectoral comparisons: application to selected ASEAN countriesPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008GDP in constant prices of ASEAN countries suffers from substitution bias by ignoring relative price changes and makes GDP growth and shares dependent on the base year. These analytical deficiencies led the US since the mid-1990s to convert GDP from constant to chained prices. Thus, cross-country comparisons in constant prices are analytically shaky even with the same base year.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008The efficiency of 119 electric cooperatives in the Philippines from 1990 to 2002 is analyzed using a stochastic frontier model augmented with spatial-temporal terms, addressing the underestimation of technical efficiency usually encountered among maximum-likelihood based methods.DocumentPhilippine Institute for Development Studies, 2008Economic integration in the European Union has, arguably, been one of the most significant developments in the global economy in the last half-century. Other regions in the world, to a greater or lesser degree, appear to be in quest of a similar goal – the integration of their regional economies. What lessons could they learn from the European Union experience?